These therapeutic aspects are being vigorously pursued at present , 89, 5934
(1967) 0 I 0 CsHu
54 (optically active)
55 (optically active)
marijuana activity in man The decarboxylation product of these
naturally occurring consitutents is cannabielsoin (152), which is also the major
product obtained by pyrolysis"? of cannabidiol in air at 70°C 3 4 reported (Chart 2 THC in the 3'-position was prepared Prasad and Sukh Dev, Tetrahedron, 32, 1440 (1976) and references cited
fied their use of drugs, so that such use resulted in
harmless pleasure, increased conviviality, did not lead to violence, could be
regulated, did not lead to addiction, and was much less harmful than the use
of alcohol, which is socially and openly sanctioned in our society.
Parenthetically, we would invite any group of educators, scientists, welfare
workers or police officials to try to meet effectively the well-buttressed
arguments, based on personal experience and observation that our youthful
drug users present in frank, open, and uncowed discussion. In sum, we
learned that youthful drug users are just not interested in abstaining from
This finding—and I encountered it in my own survey—has not only practical but
theoretical interest. Some deviants differ from each other as much as they differ from
conventional society. It must be remembered that deviance and deviant are nonevaluative
terms from our point of view. Society condemns the deviant, but we are only taking note
of society's condemnation, not approving of it—nor disapproving of it. (We may also, as a
person, humanist, civil libertarian, conservative, or anything else, approve or disapprove;
but for the moment, we are merely observing. Unless we know what is happening, we are
not in a position to condemn or praise.) However, many participants in deviant and
criminal acts disapprove of what they do. A child molester, for instance, agrees with
society's judgment of his act as depraved and immoral—so much that he denies having
committed the act for which he was sentenced while condemning other child molesters as
depraved and immoral.40 Thus, an extremely important distinction among various kinds
of deviance and crime has to do with the attitudes of the authors of the prohibited activity
toward its moral rectitude. Marijuana smokers do not look upon themselves as deviants.
Most realize that society at large sees their acts in negative terms. But they do not feel that
what they are doing is wrong. They do not agree with society's judgment.
Many deviant activities generate a mythology that reflects society's condemnation—the
fall from grace motif. As Goffman points out, we find it among inmates of mental
(17 of 22)4/15/2004 1:03:59 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 4
institutions.41 Prostitutes explain to the customer how she became corrupted, and took
to "the life." I did some interviewing on the Bowery and the same stereotyped themes
emerged. Homosexuals who are uneasy about their status will sometimes relate their
version of the fall from grace. The essential elements include a normal, or even idyllic,
past, an accidental occurrence which, linked with the deviant's fatal flaw, produced the
downfall, along with some superficial genuflections at warning the population at large not
to tread the same path. There is a need to construct rationales for their failure to live up to
society's expectations. These tales are streamlined and sim Shayanacannabis
Dark Web Drogueshop Handrick, H
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Following the same sequence of reactions the unnatural (+)-ll6_THC and
(+)-lll_THC were similarly prepared from (+)-verbeno1 , 88, 5673 (1966); (b) Isr It is interesting to note that with Zn halides the
reaction stopped at the cannabidiol (12) stage with 11 but proceeded to the
THC stage with 25 with apparently no isomerization of t:,1_ to t:,6-THC, even
during an extended reaction time They found that (±)-t,1-3,4-cis-THC
(3) was converted to (±)-t,6-3,4-trans-THC (2) on treatment with BBr3
remove the legal sanctions against cannabis without violating the conditions of the treaty.
Article 36 of the Convention states that the signing nations shall devise sanctions for the
possession and sale of cannabis "subject to its constitutional limitations," and that "the
offense to which it refers shall be defined, prosecuted, and punished in conformity with
the domestic law of a Party." In other words, a signing nation may decide, after signing,
that the stipulations of the treaty violate its internal laws, and may nullify those portions
which do so. Certain states of India, for instance, have retained the legalization of many
cannabis products, deeming a prohibition in violation of local custom and law. In addition,
the Single Convention only refers to the pressed resin preparations of the cannabis
(26 of 31)4/15/2004 1:08:37 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 11
plant—that is, hashish—and not the leaf substances. The substance customarily used in
the United States is not covered by the restriction. Thus, in most cases, the Single
Convention would simply be irrelevant.52
* It is no contradiction to say that marijuana users are more likely to drink, or to have
drunk alcohol, than nonusers are, and drinkers typically cut down on their alcohol
consumption when they begin to smoke marijuana regularly, in fact, both statements are
true empirically. (back)
N O T E S
1. Howard S. Becker, Outsiders (New York: Free Press, 1963), pp. 135-146. (back)
2. Donald T. Dickson, "Bureaucracy and Morality: An Organizational Perspective on a
Moral Crusade," Social Problems 16 (Fall 1968): 143-156. (back)
3. Ibid., pp. 151-156. (back)
4. For the lament of one user, snared after the change in the marijuana law in South
Dakota, see the letter to the editor, "Marijuana Law," in the July 1969 issue of Playboy.
5. Roswell D. Johnson, "Medico-Social Aspects of Marijuana," The Rhode Island
Medical Journal 51 (March 1968): 175. (back)
6. American Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup Poll), Special Report on the Attitudes
of College Students, no. 48 (Princeton, N.J.: AIPO, June 1969), p. 30. (back)
7. John J. Bellizzi, "Stonybrook Could Have Been Avoided" (Albany: International
Narcotic Enforcement Officers Association, 1968), pp. 2, 7. (back)
8. Alfred R. Lindesmith, "The Marihuana Problem—Myth or Reality?" in The Addict
and the Law (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1965), p. 237. (back)
9. J. Edgar Hoover, Crime in the United States (Boston: Beacon Press, 1965), p. 21.
Murder is more likely to take place among intimates than among strangers. Where there is
a complainant or an obvious victim—a body, in this case—enforcement is facilitated;
where there is no complainant, it is rendered more difficult, because the police have far
less access. (back)
10. Allan Morton, Joel Ohlgren, John Mueller, Roger W. Pearson, and Sheldon Weisel,
"Marijuana Laws: An Empirical Study of Enforcement and Administration in Los Ange Modification of Petrzilka's process (BF3oEt20/MgS04) by
Razdan et al in a different light.
In fact, the conceptual difficulties which plague the advocates of the psychotomimetic
position are even more fundamental than this. The charge is not simply that cannabis
generates psychosis-like states. It is that being high on marijuana is a psychosis-like state.
The very nature of the experience is abnormal, according to many medical observers. For
instance, the Lexington studies'26 assertion that cannabis has psychotomimetic
properties relies on a questionnaire, a battery of questions which purport to measure the
degree to which the subject is suffering a psychosis-like state. Yet, when the items in the
questionnaire are examined, they contain almost nothing that would qualify as a true
clinical psychosis, or anything like it. The general psychotomimetic questions include: "Is
your skin sensitive?" "Are you happy?" "Are colors brighter?" "Time passes slowly." "Are
you having a lot of thoughts?" "Do you feel silly?" "Is your hearing keener?" The
statements specifically related to marijuana (actually THC) include: "My thoughts seem to
come and go." "My appetite is increased." "I notice things around me which I have not
(27 of 34)4/15/2004 1:07:27 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 7
In other words, what is labeled a psychotomimetic experience is nothing more than the
characteristics associated with the marijuana high. The fact that any of these items were
actually used to measure a state labeled a psychosis is nothing more than a display of the
researchers' prejudices, a display of an archaic epistemological ethnocentrism which
rejects any and all experience which does not fit the narrow positivistic mold. This form
of reasoning clearly illustrates the interpenetration of science and ideology—ideology
parading as science. The marijuana experience is, of course, different from "normal."
Marijuana is a psychoactive drug; it influences the mind, influences perceptions. This is,
in fact, precisely one of the main reasons why it has the appeal it has to some. Some
people may like this state, and others may not. But is it madness? How frail are the facts
in the path of the mighty concept!
Thus, the attribution to marijuana of psychotomimetic properties is an ideological and
political act. It involves a definitional process of deciding that certain psychic
manifestations subsequent to smoking marijuana in fact (1) may properly be characterized
as psychotomimetic in nature; (2) are generated by the drug; and (3) are not typical of, or
generated by, substances of which society approves. There is a tacit assumption in
descriptions of adverse reactions to pot that the laws prohibiting this substance are
legitimate, and that one of the reasons why it is outlawed (and should continue to be
outlawed) is that it is capable of producing a psychotic episode. Yet there is a mirror
process at work; not only must we ascribe to marijuana a causal nexus with temporary
psychoses, we must M__
W'Hn Q)7oH 1 the recessive trait, the unknown genotype is
3. If ALL the offspring have the dominant trait, the unknown genotype
is homozygous dominant
4. Large numbers are needed for reliable results.
And this is your first step into the world of breeding because:
(1) When you breed plants you want to continue a trait. Something
that you like to see on your plant or taste with your plant or the height
of your plant.
(2) When you want to continue that trait you must know if it is
Homozygous Dominant, Heterozygous or Homozygous Recessive.
(3) You can find that out by running a test cross.
So the question may arise - How do I breed for several traits,
like taste, smell, vigor and color? Well that is a big question. Maybe to
understand more about that we should learn more about Hardy-
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Part 2
If we mate two individuals that are heterozygous (e.g., Bb) for
a trait what will we find? (Let’s make the Punnett square).
Look at that. In this group our resulting offspring will be:
This means that:
25% of their offspring are homozygous for the dominant allele (BB).
50% are heterozygous like their parents (Bb) and
25% are homozygous for the recessive allele (bb).
Now look at this closely. Unlike their parents Bb Bb, 25%
will express the recessive phenotype bb. So if we where given two
parents that displayed golden bud but where BOTH heterozygous for
that trait Bb, we would also produce offspring that have silver bud. But
since Bb is dominant in both parents, neither of the parents would
display the phenotype for silver bud.
This is really what breeding is all about. When we have a
strain that we want to keep, how do we know that the parts we want to
keep will actually be kept in our breeding process?
This is where the test cross comes in. If we create seeds from
a strain that we bought in a seed-bank how can we be sure that the
offspring will have the character that we like? Well the facts are this.
If the trait(s) we wish to continue are Homozygous Dominant (BB) in
both the parent plants then there is no way we can produce a recessive
genotype for that trait in the offspring. We already explained this in
the previous section.
Let’s prove this:
Look! It is impossible for the recessive trait to appear.
And if both parents contained the recessive trait we can not
produce the dominant trait. Let us see this in action too.
There we proved that too.
So now we are starting to understand that in order to breed a
trait properly we must know if it is Homozygous or Heterozygous or
Homozygous Recessive before we can understand what it is we are
doing and PREDICT THE RESULTS BEFORE THEY HAPPEN. And
this ladies and gentlemen is what breeding is all about -
Understanding a trait’s genotype, predicting the outcome of a cross
and LOCKING DOWN TRAITS. So how can we lock down a trait you
might ask? Well we will cover this later after we underst “Big plant with big leaves. Light green. It will grow to 15 feet tall outdoors. Will produce 4-6 ounces per plant.
An extremely sweet smell. A unique and high quality stone. Flowering: 9-10 weeks Yield: up to 100 grams” -
Richie´s catalog description Sathe, and M
Shayana cannabis -- Friday, June 22, 2018 4:37:55 PM
These therapeutic aspects are being vigorously pursued at present Based on the rule governing the retention of configuration
of the dienophile constituents in the Diels-Alder reaction, compound 29
A synthesis of (±)-THCs, which is of historical interest and patterned along the
suggested biogenetic pathway, was published by Mechoulam and Gaonf" (Chart
1 However, on mechanistic grounds Razdan et a1 Depistagecanabis Metabolites Functionalized in the Alicyclic Ring
E a private seed
stash of their own.
Figure 2.6 - This is some Skunk#1 by Strawdog.
Figure 2.7 - Seeds enough to grow a 1000 plants! Picture by
Figure 2.8 - This is another great picture of some female bud by
This is important to bear in mind before you grow your weed.
Have you got the time to take care of your plants? Are you going to be
taking long holidays? Have you got someone you trust to take care of
your plants? And if you do how secure is your grow area? How do the
people you live with feel about this? Can you hide the smell when the
plants start to flower? Are you prepared to pay money on lights and
other grow items? Are you prepared to pay the costs of a higher
electricity bill? Are people going to see your grow room? Are people
going to walk past your grow site outdoors? Is the meter man going to
see your grow room? Is the gas man going to see your grow room? Are
you sure that you really want to do this?
Figure 2.9 - This is an example of how some outdoor plants can get
really big and tall. Sometimes they can be hard to hide. Picture by
If you are negative on any of these points above then I suggest
that you resolve those issues before you move on.
The next thing I am going to tell you is the most important
thing you will ever hear when growing marijuana. People have lived
their whole lives growing cannabis and have never had an encounter
with the law. It is so simple, but very hard to do. If you can do it then
you are halfway to being an expert grower. Are you ready for it?
NEVER TELL ANYONE THAT YOU ARE GROWING
If you do this then you will never have a problem other than
someone accidentally walking into your grow area. NEVER EVER
TELL ANYONE ANYTHING, EVER. If you can do this then you will
have more security than a castle equipped with guard-dogs henchmen
and the works. Loose lips cause 99.9% of all security related issues
being breached. 00.1% is caused because you did not take the time out
to conceal your area well enough. Loose lips sink ships.
If you plan to share your crop with your friends then do it by
another means, like - ‘Hey guys look what I just bought’. The only
people who should know that you grow are the people who live with
you. If your husband/wife has loose lips, then maybe you should
consider guerrilla growing outdoors (explained later.) Other than that,
these are the most important factors you need to consider. Never grow
at home if other people are not going to know about it. This is bad and
always causes problems in the end. So what does that say? Growing on
your own is the best way. Growing with other people is a problem
unless you know they are okay with it. You will have to figure some of
these things out for yourself.
The next factor is bugs and pests. Always, always have a
bottle of pesticide that kills SPIDER MITES. Spider Mites can reduce
your plants to garbage wit Sikemeier, G
These were separated and the assignment of an o-conflguration
to the endocyclic epoxides in 155 and 156 was established However, on mechanistic grounds Razdan et a1
A variety of catalysts were studied, and the best yield of 1 with the least amount
of by-products was found to be with anhydrous ZnCI2/CH2Ch Razdan and J s and disadvantages.
The first thing you should know is that indoor lights produce
bigger flowers (more bud) than natural window light. This means you
get more THC quantity with artificial lights than you will with natural
sunlight indoors. Even in countries that have hot sun for 6 months of
the year you can still find it hard to produce big buds indoors under
natural light. Some people have grown plants under an attic window
that they open during the dry days. This will grow you bud but not as
much as you would get using an artificial light system. The other side
of the coin is that natural light is free, electricity is not and grow lights
are a little bit expensive to buy and use. They are definitely not as
expensive as it is to run an electric cooker 24 hours a day but they are
little expensive to use all the same.
Figure 3.10 - The Sun. Picture by Inf3cted.
When using a window grow try to place your plant near a
window that gets the most sunlight. Sun comes up in east and sets in
the west. It travels more north or south depending on which side of the
equator you are. Think about it for awhile. Also remember that you
have the seasons to think about. If you plan on a window grow try to
establish when you want your plant to receive most of its light. You
want your plant to get most of its light during flowering. If July is the
best month for sunlight then you may consider producing your
seedling back in April or May or even as early as late March. Try to
guess when you will get the best weather. Coordinate this with the
flowering times directed by the breeder and you will be able to foresee
your harvest time.
Also remember that people can look up and see your plant if
they are sitting near the window. Do people come to wash your
windows? Also remember that if you have a Sativa plant then they will
get big. Take all these factors into consideration when you are growing
your plants with natural sunlight indoors.
If you are growing indoors then you may have a room or part
of a room that you wish to use such as an attic, closet, basement, spare
bathroom or hot press. These locations nearly always need artificial
light. You may even decide to build a cabinet yourself. There are many
ways to set-up an indoor grow room. We will discuss this later in
Figure 3.11 - Indoor Grow room. Picture by Kryptonite.
GENERAL OUTDOOR GROWING AND GUERRILLA
Outdoor growing is growing on your own property outdoors.
Guerrilla farming is growing away from your property in public areas
or on someone else’s property. For this part we will talk a bit about
Figure 3.12 - Outdoor Grow. Picture by Mullummadman.
The biggest problem with outdoor growing is keeping your
grow area secure and private. Some people will rip-off your plant in a
second if they see what you have (Figures 3.13 and 3.14). Others will
just create trouble for you. Security is vital. I once heard about a small
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