Clark, and B The decarboxylation product of these
naturally occurring consitutents is cannabielsoin (152), which is also the major
product obtained by pyrolysis"? of cannabidiol in air at 70°C Fahrenholtz, M See, for example, L
cussions, see Peter L. Berger, Invitation to Sociology (Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday,
1963), Berger and Luckmann, The Social Construction of Reality (Garden City, N. Y.:
Doubleday, 1966); Berger, The Sacred Canopy (Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday, 1967);
Herbert Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man (Boston: Beacon, 1964); Ernest Becker, The
Birth and Death of Meaning (New York: Free Press, 1962). (back)
Brotman and Suffet, op. cit., p. 10. (back)
29. C. Robert Jennings, "Truman Capote Talks, Talks, Talks," New York, May 13, p.
30. Randolfe Wicker, "Odds and Ends," The Marijuana Newsletter 1, No. 2 (March,
1965): 9. (back)
31. Howard Smith, "Scenes," The Village Voice, August 3, 1967. (back)
32. "Stephen Nemo," Letter to the editor, Avant-Garde no. 2 (March 1968): pp. 9-10.
Often the same individuals who report the drug's pacifist-inducing properties will also
relate, with sadness, the fact that it does not always work. A recently returned veteran of
the Vietnam conflict, a confirmed pothead, describes several "head" colleagues in his
company's tank crew: "These guys would start at one end of a village and run over the
roofs all the way down to the other end, and crush every man, woman, child, chicken, cat,
dog, everything. Dead. Then they'd cross the street and go down over the roofs on the
other side.... And when everything stopped moving, they'd take the machine gun.
cats are, you know different.... These guys turn on, but they've got war in their hearts."
See Ken Weaver, "Viper Vision Vietnam" (an anonymous interview), The East Village
Other, November 1, 1968, p. 17. (back)
33. Jerry Rubin, "The Yippies Are Going to Chicago, The Realist, September 1968, p.
34. Rubin, "An Emergency Letter to My Brothers and Sisters in the Movement," The
New York Review, February 13, 1969, p. 27. (back)
35. Jerry Rubin, quoted in Peter Schjeldahl, "Thoughts of Chairman Jerry," Avant-
Garde, No. 7 (March 1969): p. 33. (back)
36. The following remarks are based on Prof. J. W. Spellman's talk given at the "New
Worlds" Drug Symposium at the State University of New York at Buffalo, February 28,
1969; Spellman is a Canadian professor of Asian Studies.
See, for instance, Sylvan Fox, "Marijuana Still a Mystery to Scientists," The New
York Times, February 2, 1969, pp. 1, 58, for an exploration of the extent of disagreement
and lack of knowledge among scientists concerning marijuana's effects, both long-and
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The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 4
38. Michael Town, a law student, has argued precisely along these lines: the state must
"show a compelling interest" in the "infringement of the individual's rights" regarding
marijuana possession. The burden of proof as to the drug's dangers rests with the state, and
as yet no adequate defense of the deprivation of liberties has been submitted. See Michael
A. Town, "The California Marijuana Possession S
(1979) it tends to reduce desire and to dull the sexual areas. Norman Taylor, a
botanist, writes, "As to being a sex-excitant, marijuana appears to be just the
opposite."18 Constantinos Miras, a Greek pharmacologist and one of the drug's severest
critics, disclosed to a seminar at the UCLA Department of Pharmacology that marijuana
actually impairs sexuality, and when administered to rats, their rate of "reproductive
activity" declined go percent.19 If, physiologically, marijuana is neutral—or even
negative—to sexuality, why are so many people sexually turned on by it? Why, after
smoking the faddish banana, don't its users descend from a trial high to discover that it is
neutral to sex desire and enjoyment?
Consider the mythology. Its use has traditionally been associated with the dramatic loss
of sexual inhibition, and with what were thought to be the inevitable consequences:
depravity, degradation, shame. Marijuana, according to an historic description, completely
inflames the erotic impulses and leads to revolting sex crimes. For years, propaganda from
the press assisted the Federal Bureau of Narcotics' campaign to nurture an evil image. An
account written in the 1930s chronicles the degradation of a young girl lured into
Her will power dropped away from her like a rent garment, leaving her a
tractable, pliant creature, as exposed to chance suggestion as if her soul had
been naked to the wind.20
The unfortunate girl so discarded her inhibitions that she accepted proposals from
strangers. When she came to her senses, she was so mortified that she committed suicide.
The sex-loaded invectives of the antimarijuana campaign may have been a tactical
blunder. They seem to have attracted more recruits than they discouraged. Sociologists
and psychologists stress the power of mood, expectation, social conditioning, setting, and
myth in shaping the nature of the drug experience. And our mood, expectations, social
conditioning, setting and myths have long associated marijuana with sex. We have learned
to associate it with sensuousness and carnality, with hedonism and physical gratification.
And so it stimulates those very reactions which are called debauchery by its critics and
rapture by its adherents.
The human, unlike the caged rat, has a broad latitude in shaping the nature of his
environment, even of his own body chemistry. Man's somatic responses are often
influenced more by what he thinks than by biological and chemical imperatives; in fact, it
can happen that what he thinks actually becomes his biological and chemical imperative.
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The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 7
Thus the user's attitude toward marijuana may determine what happens to his body when
he smokes it. It is only in the narrowest sense that the drug is not a sexual stimulant; that
is, in the sense that it will not excite mindless, laboratory-located animal tissue. But many
human marijuana users report an actual i
190 The Total Synthesis of Cannabinoids
by dehydrochlorination with sodium hydride in THF "Regarding …Skunk #1, Ed Rosenthal says he knows (it was) developed by Cultivators' Choice in California in
"Skunk #1 = originally developed by the Sacred Seed Co. (Cali/ Holland) Sk#1 arose from an Afghani X a
Colombian X a Thai. As far back as 1987 they were reporting its stability to less than 5% deviation. Now 11
years later it has to be one of the most stable strains around." -Prince Caspian 3 4 reported (Chart 2 , 681
(1979) Treatment of the pyrone with
excess CH3MgI gives the triol, which on treatment with catalytic amounts of
fied their use of drugs, so that such use resulted in
harmless pleasure, increased conviviality, did not lead to violence, could be
regulated, did not lead to addiction, and was much less harmful than the use
of alcohol, which is socially and openly sanctioned in our society.
Parenthetically, we would invite any group of educators, scientists, welfare
workers or police officials to try to meet effectively the well-buttressed
arguments, based on personal experience and observation that our youthful
drug users present in frank, open, and uncowed discussion. In sum, we
learned that youthful drug users are just not interested in abstaining from
This finding—and I encountered it Resinedecanabis
in my own survey—has not only practical but
Some deviants differ from each other as much as they differ from
It must be remembered that deviance and deviant are nonevaluative
terms from our point of view. Society condemns the deviant, but we are only taking note
of society's condemnation, not approving of it—nor disapproving of it. (We may also, as a
person, humanist, civil libertarian, conservative, or anything else, approve or disapprove;
but for the moment, we are merely observing. Unless we know what is happening, we are
not in a position to condemn or praise.) However, many participants in deviant and
criminal acts disapprove of what they do. A child molester, for instance, agrees with
society's judgment of his act as depraved and immoral—so much that he denies having
committed the act for which he was sentenced while condemning other child molesters as
depraved and immoral.
40 Thus, an extremely important distinction among various kinds
of deviance and crime has to do with the attitudes of the authors of the prohibited activity
toward its moral rectitude. Marijuana smokers do not look upon themselves as deviants.
Most realize that society at large sees their acts in negative terms. But they do not feel that
what they are doing is wrong. They do not agree with society's judgment.
Many deviant activities generate a mythology that reflects society's condemnation—the
fall from grace motif.
As Goffman points out, we find it among inmates of mental
(17 of 22)4/15/2004 1:03:59 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 4
institutions.41 Prostitutes explain to the customer how she became corrupted, and took
to "the life.
" I did some interviewing on the Bowery and the same stereotyped themes
emerged. Homosexuals who are uneasy about their status will
Shayana cannabis sometimes relate their
version of the fall from grace. The essential elements include a normal, or even idyllic,
past, an accidental occurrence which, linked with the deviant's fatal flaw, produced the
downfall, along with some superficial genuflections at warning the population at large not
to tread the same path. There is a need to construct rationales for their failure to live up to
These tales are streamlined and sim
, 62, 2197
A variety of catalysts were studied, and the best yield of 1 with the least amount
of by-products was found to be with anhydrous ZnCI2/CH2Ch 19 has also been developed 24 to produce 50 g lots of 1 of very high
purity Some of these are depicted by the general
formula 189,191, and 192 and have been reviewed in detail by Mechoulam3b,c
and Pars et al 8
An entirely different approach, which utilized a Diels-Alder reaction on an
appropriately substituted cinnamic acid derivative(Chart 1 the recessive trait, the unknown genotype is
3. If ALL the offspring have the dominant trait, the unknown genotype
is homozygous dominant
4. Large numbers are needed for reliable results.
And this is your first step into the world of breeding because:
(1) When you breed plants you want to continue a trait. Something
that you like to see on your plant or taste with your plant or the height
of your plant.
(2) When you want to continue that trait you must know if it is
Homozygous Dominant, Heterozygous or Homozygous Recessive.
(3) You can find that out by running a test cross.
So the question may arise - How do I breed for several traits,
like taste, smell, vigor and color? Well that is a big question. Maybe to
understand more about that we should learn more about Hardy-
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Part 2
If we mate two individuals that are heterozygous (e.g., Bb) for
a trait what will we find? (Let’s make the Punnett square).
Look at that. In this group our resulting offspring will be:
This means that:
25% of their offspring are homozygous for the dominant allele (BB).
50% are heterozygous like their parents (Bb) and
25% are homozygous for the recessive allele (bb).
Now look at this closely. Unlike their parents Bb Bb, 25%
will express the recessive phenotype bb. So if we where given two
parents that displayed golden bud but where BOTH heterozygous for
that trait Bb, we would also produce offspring that have silver bud. But
since Bb is dominant in both parents, neither of the parents would
display the phenotype for silver bud.
This is really what breeding is all about. When we have a
strain that we want to keep, how do we know that the parts we want to
keep will actually be kept in our breeding process?
This is where the test cross comes in. If we create seeds from
a strain that we bought in a seed-bank how can we be sure that the
offspring will have the character that we like? Well the facts are this.
If the trait(s) we wish to continue are Homozygous Dominant (BB) in
both the parent plants then there is no way we can produce a recessive
genotype for that trait in the offspring. We already explained this in
the previous section.
Let’s prove this:
Look! It is impossible for the recessive trait to appear.
And if both parents contained the recessive trait we can not
produce the dominant trait. Let us see this in action too.
There we proved that too.
So now we are starting to understand that in order to breed a
trait properly we must know if it is Homozygous or Heterozygous or
Homozygous Recessive before we can understand what it is we are
doing and PREDICT THE RESULTS BEFORE THEY HAPPEN. And
this ladies and gentlemen is what breeding is all about -
Understanding a trait’s genotype, predicting the outcome of a cross
and LOCKING DOWN TRAITS. So how can we lock down a trait you
might ask? Well we will cover this later after we underst Significantly, the ratio of normal to abnormal products was
now greater than 3: 1, indicating that apparent transformation of abn-CBD (14)
to normal products was taking place , 100,
Shayana cannabis -- Monday, March 02, 2015 3:57:48 PM
Handrick, H STRATEGY IN THE SYNTHESIS OF (_)_~I- AND ~6-THCS AND THEIR
The syntheses under discussion may be divided into two main categories: stereospecific
syntheses and other approaches “I grew Sensi Seeds NL#5 and it was one of the best plants I had ever seen. VERY distinctive aroma and taste,
I agree with Skunkman, its like a psychedelic couchlock, the buzz goes for loooong. Plus its one of the best
indoor plants I ever saw, very short and compact, mega-phat top-cola, pretty fast (8 weeks), wont grow much
longer after inducing bloom, excellent flower/leaf ratio. I had good 400 gr./s.m. which I consider nice. Only
drawback I noticed was you better watch the air humidity, they have a tendency to catch bud rot, and the colas
are just too fat and sticky so the air won’t go into. But when you keep moisture down to max. 50% rh. you
should do well. To my experience they are true-breeding, but on the other hand I heard that too much
inbreeding out of a small number of species might cause some problems and show up some indica aspects
you may not want to have. I heard of NL#5 F2 that smelled and tasted like shit and had a very dull buzz.” -
"(For multiple sclerosis) my friend is currently using a pure indica (NL#5) with good results..." - pot newz
Acta, 50, 719 (1967); T
Similarly 236 (R = CH3 or C2Hs) condensed with 11 to give the corresponding
ester, which on treatment with dimethylamine followed by LiAlH4 reduction
formed the analogs 239 (n = 2 to 5)
On studying this reaction in greater detail, Razdan et aU 9 found (Chart 1
tutorial planter du cannabis
their disposal: informants, undercover agents, and patrol. The most common type of
informant, in spite of frequent police denials, is the "arrestee informant." They cooperate
with the police because they have themselves been arrested and promised lenience if they
supply the names of marijuana violators known to them, usually their own dealers. The
more names, and the bigger the names given to the police, the more lenient the police are.
However, since most sellers known to the average marijuana user are probably his friends,
this procedure is likely to bring conflicting pressures to bear on the suspect. It is not
unknown for the informant to select the names not on the basis of the volume of sales,
which is what the police are interested in, but on the basis of his attitude toward the person
he is about to incriminate. The list of names often reaches down the distribution ladder,
rather than up.
The use of the undercover agent is designed to allow the police to observe a criminal
scene from inside. The agent poses as a user, seller, artist, poet, or student, and takes part
in marijuana use and selling transactions himself. Often the agent will attempt to purchase
progressively larger amounts from progressively bigger dealers to reach and eradicate the
source, in which case, he will often ignore the petty dealers.
Another procedure is simply to arrest anyone on whom incriminating evidence has been
gathered, as occurred with the Stony Brook arrests of 1968 and 1969. The agent will
frequently use the technique of entrapment—i.e., request a purchase or sale himself, thus
"creating" the crime de novo, although it is illegal. Often, instead of trying to make a case
for selling, an extremely difficult proposition involving solid evidence, the agent will
collect names on whom "probable cause" will be exercised—that is, their premises will be
searched on the presumption that a quantity of marijuana will be found.
Actually, although these two methods, the use of informants and undercover agents, are
dramatic and infamous in marijuana storytelling lore, they result in a small minority of
arrests. A 100-page monograph published in the UCLA Law Review in 1968, based on
1966 data, attempted a complete exploration of marijuana arrests, carrying the cases down
(7 of 31)4/15/2004 1:08:37 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 11
to their complete post-arrest disposition.10 I will rely heavily on this report, which I will
call the Los Angeles study, in the following exposition. Much valuable information, not
available anywhere else, is presented in this document. For instance, the Los Angeles
study revealed that very few marijuana arrests are the result of preplanned strategy on the
part of the police. In the sample of arrestees in the study, only 3 percent of the adult
arrestees and 7 percent of the juveniles were the work of undercover agents, while 23
percent and 15 percent of the adult and juvenile arrests, respectively, resu Dalzell, and R 128 The analog 240 126 was obtained from
237 on treatment with dimethylaminopropyl chloride in the presence of butyllithium Williams, S
“Winner of the Cannabis Cup in 1989. Mostly Indica. All plants have guaranteed high yields, 25% has
something special to it. Usually the lower branches collapse under the weight of the buds. Cash cropper’s