It was with this background that at the time we had indicated
both the structures for cannabicyclol in the absence of definite proof such as now
provided by X-ray It is interesting to note that with Zn halides the
reaction stopped at the cannabidiol (12) stage with 11 but proceeded to the
THC stage with 25 with apparently no isomerization of t:,1_ to t:,6-THC, even
during an extended reaction time 25 deduced the anti configuration of 28 from its mode of preparation
(Knoevenagel reaction of malonic acid with the corresponding aldehyde) and
confirmed it by NMR 0 I 0 CsHu
54 (optically active)
55 (optically active)
marijuana activity in man , 681
(1979) “Big plant with big leaves. Light green. It will grow to 15 feet tall outdoors. Will produce 4-6 ounces per plant.
An extremely sweet smell. A unique and high quality stone. Flowering: 9-10 weeks Yield: up to 100 grams” -
Richie´s catalog description Introduction 187
(- )-li1_3 ,4·trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)3 is the main physiologically
active constituent of hashish or charas, which is the resinous exudate from the
female flowers of Cannabis sativa L
9 7 8
2 1 + 2
Chart 1 s and disadvantages.
The first thing you should know is that indoor lights produce
bigger flowers (more bud) than natural window light.
This means you
get more THC quantity with artificial lights than you will with natural
sunlight indoors. Even in countries that have hot sun for 6 months of
the year you can still find it hard to produce big buds indoors under
natural light. Some people have grown plants under an attic window
that they open during the dry days. This will grow you bud but not as
much as you would get using an artificial light system.
The other side
of the coin is that natural light is free, electricity is not and grow lights
are a little bit expensive to buy and use. They are definitely not as
expensive as it is to run an electric cooker 24 hours a day but they are
little expensive to use all the same.
Figure 3.10 -
Shayana cannabis The Sun. Picture by Inf3cted.
When using a window grow try to place your plant near a
window that gets the most sunlight. Sun comes up in east and sets in
the west. It travels more north or south depending on which side of the
equator you are. Think about it for awhile. Also remember that you
have the seasons to think about. If you plan on a window grow try to
establish when you want your plant to receive most of its light. You
want your plant to get most of its light during flowering.
If July is the
best month for sunlight then you may consider producing your
seedling back in April or May or even as early as late March. Try to
guess when you will get the best weather. Coordinate this with the
flowering times directed by the breeder and you will be able to foresee
your harvest time.
Also remember that people can look up and see your plant if
they are sitting near the window. Do people come to wash your
windows? Also remember that if you have a Sativa plant then they will
get big. Take all these factors into consideration when you are growing
your plants with natural sunlight indoors.
If you are growing indoors then you may have a room or part
of a room that you wish to use such as an attic, closet, basement, spare
bathroom or hot press.
These locations nearly always need artificial
light. You may even decide to build a cabinet yourself. There are many
ways to set-up an indoor grow room. We will discuss this later in
Figure 3.11 - Indoor Grow room. Picture by Kryptonite.
GENERAL OUTDOOR GROWING AND GUERRILLA
Outdoor growing is growing on your own property outdoors.
Guerrilla farming is growing away from your property in public areas
or on someone else’s property. For this part we will talk a bit about
Figure 3.12 - Outdoor Grow. Picture by Mullummadman.
The biggest problem with outdoor growing is keeping your
grow area secure and private. Some people will rip-off your plant in a
second if they see what you have (Figures 3.13 and 3.14). Others will
just create trouble for you. Security is vital. I once heard about a small
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3. If ALL the offspring have the dominant trait, the unknown genotype
is homozygous dominant
4. Large numbers are needed for reliable results.
And this is your first step into the world of breeding because:
(1) When you breed plants you want to continue a trait. Something
that you like to see on your plant or taste with your plant or the height
of your plant.
(2) When you want to continue that trait you must know if it is
Homozygous Dominant, Heterozygous or Homozygous Recessive.
(3) You can find that out by running a test cross.
So the question may arise - How do I breed for several traits,
like taste, smell, vigor and color? Well that is a big question. Maybe to
understand more about that we should learn more about Hardy-
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Part 2
If we mate two individuals that are heterozygous (e.g., Bb) for
a trait what will we find? (Let’s make the Punnett square).
Look at that. In this group our resulting offspring will be:
This means that:
25% of their offspring are homozygous for the dominant allele (BB).
50% are heterozygous like their parents (Bb) and
25% are homozygous for the recessive allele (bb).
Now look at this closely. Unlike their parents Bb Bb, 25%
will express the recessive phenotype bb. So if we where given two
parents that displayed golden bud but where BOTH heterozygous for
that trait Bb, we would also produce offspring that have silver bud. But
since Bb is dominant in both parents, neither of the parents would
display the phenotype for silver bud.
This is really what breeding is all about. When we have a
strain that we want to keep, how do we know that the parts we want to
keep will actually be kept in our breeding process?
This is where the test cross comes in. If we create seeds from
a strain that we bought in a seed-bank how can we be sure that the
offspring will have the character that we like? Well the facts are this.
If the trait(s) we wish to continue are Homozygous Dominant (BB) in
both the parent plants then there is no way we can produce a recessive
genotype for that trait in the offspring. We already explained this in
the previous section.
Let’s prove this:
Look! It is impossible for the recessive trait to appear.
And if both parents contained the recessive trait we can not
produce the dominant trait. Let us see this in action too.
There we proved that too.
So now we are starting to understand that in order to breed a
trait properly we must know if it is Homozygous or Heterozygous or
Homozygous Recessive before we can understand what it is we are
doing and PREDICT THE RESULTS BEFORE THEY HAPPEN. And
this ladies and gentlemen is what breeding is all about -
Understanding a trait’s genotype, predicting the outcome of a cross
and LOCKING DOWN TRAITS. So how can we lock down a trait you
might ask? Well we will cover this later after we underst Hehe... sounds like a strong sativa. I have a Haze19Xskunk#1 (positronics) that kicks out bud with a distinct
'heart racing' feeling. This bud keeps me wide awake. Zero to LSD in two tokes. This may be of interest to
those wishing to grow killer sativa outside and have it mature. I grew Haze #19 from TAC and had 80% of the
plants start flowering after 3 months regardless of day length. I have no explanation for this but I talked to
Mike at TAC and he said that this is common with Haze #19 which is very variable. We are still getting 14 hours
of daylight and my Haze has been flowering for two months. It is typical Haze potency but you need to be fairly
experienced to grow it properly unless you have a good location. The reason being that it grows very tall and
spindly and it also grows very fast." - Dynamite , 94,
8579 (1972); (b) M Lagerlund, Acta
A better procedure was found to be a
two-step sequence a private seed
stash of their own.
Figure 2.6 - This is some Skunk#1 by Strawdog.
Figure 2.7 - Seeds enough to grow a 1000 plants! Picture by
Figure 2.8 - This is another great picture of some female bud by
This is important to bear in mind before you grow your weed.
Have you got the time to take care of your plants? Are you going to be
taking long holidays? Have you got someone you trust to take care of
your plants? And if you do how secure is your grow area? How do the
people you live with feel about this? Can you hide the smell when the
plants start to flower? Are you prepared to pay money on lights and
other grow items? Are you prepared to pay the costs of a higher
electricity bill? Are people going to see your grow room? Are people
going to walk past your grow site outdoors? Is the meter man going to
see your grow room? Is the gas man going to see your grow room? Are
you sure that you really want to do this?
Figure 2.9 - This is an example of how some outdoor plants can get
really big and tall. Sometimes they can be hard to hide. Picture by
If you are negative on any of these points above then I suggest
that you resolve those issues before you move on.
The next thing I am going to tell you is the most important
thing you will ever hear when growing marijuana. People have lived
their whole lives growing cannabis and have never had an encounter
with the law. It is so simple, but very hard to do. If you can do it then
you are halfway to being an expert grower. Are you ready for it?
NEVER TELL ANYONE THAT YOU ARE GROWING
If you do this then you will never have a problem other than
someone accidentally walking into your grow area. NEVER EVER
TELL ANYONE ANYTHING, EVER. If you can do this then you will
have more security than a castle equipped with guard-dogs henchmen
and the works. Loose lips cause 99.9% of all security related issues
being breached. 00.1% is caused because you did not take the time out
to conceal your area well enough. Loose lips sink ships.
If you plan to share your crop with your friends then do it by
another means, like - ‘Hey guys look what I just bought’. The only
people who should know that you grow are the people who live with
you. If your husband/wife has loose lips, then maybe you should
consider guerrilla growing outdoors (explained later.) Other than that,
these are the most important factors you need to consider. Never grow
at home if other people are not going to know about it. This is bad and
always causes problems in the end. So what does that say? Growing on
your own is the best way. Growing with other people is a problem
unless you know they are okay with it. You will have to figure some of
these things out for yourself.
The next factor is bugs and pests. Always, always have a
bottle of pesticide that kills SPIDER MITES. Spider Mites can reduce
your plants to garbage wit
Marijuana (pot, grass), mostly used in the United States,
Shayana Comment Du Comment Du
flowering tops of the plant, which are smoked in a pipe or a cigarette ir stance
is a possible one out of several competing versions, and that all of these versions "surpass
experience," that is, are based on attitudes that are sentiments and values which cannot be
either supported or refuted scientifically. It follows from these expectations of society that
the physician will act in a manner society defines as "responsible," that is, he will make
essentially protective pronouncements.
Let us assume something true that is false, namely that it has been established
scientifically that the statistical chance of experiencing a "psychotic episode" while under
the influence of marijuana is one in a thousand—or even one in a million. This is, we will
(2 of 25)4/15/2004 1:04:59 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 5
assume, a fact on which all observers agree. (It is not, of course.) The manner in which the
physician makes his decision, that is, to be "responsible," will lead him to decide that this
is too great a price for society to pay for the luxury of allowing a small freedom, and
therefore marijuana use ought to be prohibited. Someone with a different set of values
would make the decision in a very different way. The civil libertarian would say that the
incidence of danger is sufficiently small to offset the larger threat to society's freedom to
smoke marijuana. Both may agree on the facts, but it is the sentiments, even among the
physicians, that ultimately decide.
The ideas of physicians are "special" in a second sense as well: doctors have been
successful in defining the nature of reality for the rest of society in a vast number of areas.
They have been successful in claiming that they alone are competent to interpret the
reality of marijuana, and that their version of the drug's actions is the only legitimate,
valid, and objective one. They have managed, that is, to establish epistemological
hegemony. Their position enables their special version of the nature of the drug and its use
to be regarded by others as neutral, impartial, and objectively true, and all other versions
to be biased and based on special interest pleading. The physician is seen as transcending
the accidental and irrational prejudices that blind others. In the area of drug use,
physicians are "instant experts," knowledgeable and unbiased.
Since most members of society are not aware of professional and scientific distinctions,
they will make little effort to seek out the word of those physicians who are most qualified
to speak and write on marijuana, that is, those physicians who have actually done studies
themselves, or who have closely read such studies. In fact, it might very well be
disadvantageous to publicize the views of those physicians who are best-informed on the
effects of marijuana, because they will present a more complex view, one which does not
square with official morality. The contrary, in fact, will be true: the public will encourage
those physicians whose views are most hostile to marijuana u Significantly, the ratio of normal to abnormal products was
now greater than 3: 1, indicating that apparent transformation of abn-CBD (14)
to normal products was taking place as typical. In the open air of the user's habitat, the
recreational model will be found to be more fruitful.
A second model which, in my opinion, yields more mileage than the traditional and
(7 of 9)4/15/2004 1:08:52 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 12
conventional images of use is the subcultural or life-style conception of the user.
Marijuana use is the product of the same essentially normal values and beliefs of large
groups of people that guide other kinds of everyday activities and choices. Voting for a
political candidate, making a purchase, reading a magazine or newspaper, listening to
music, playing and watching sports—all of these are influenced by the social groups to
which we belong. No one questions the fact that Jews are more likely to vote Democratic
than Protestants, that a heavier proportion of working-class men read the New York Daily
News than read The New York Times while among professional workers, it is the reverse,
that residents of large cities spend proportionally more of their time and money on
"serious" art and music than do residents of more rural areas. These sorts of subcultural
appeals are well-known and entreat our common sense.
But if our attention turns to less common and more condemned activities, we find it
necessary to ignore these broad and essentially normal appeals and to search out
pathological motives. If it is the young to whom marijuana appeals, we must assume that
they are rebelling against authority, or trying to kill their fathers, or escaping from
boredom or reality, or whatever. If it is the urban dweller who is more likely to use
marijuana, we point to an anomic, disintegrating urban society. If it is the affluent, then
we complain about how the affluent are overindulging their young, and intone darkly
about the hazards of affluence.
Different social groups in society have somewhat different marijuana potentials.
Greater or lesser proportions of their ranks are likely to try and use the weed because of
characteristics relating to that group. Patterns of use are not accidental, and they are not
pathological. They emerge out of the social fabric of the values and the circumstances of a
segment of society. They do not typically occur as a result of some dark, unconscious
motive. The subcultural attitudes and values of some groups support such an action as
marijuana use, while those of other groups oppose it. In addition, opportunities for use are
differentially dispersed throughout society. Simply by being around the stuff ecologically,
groups differ in their likelihood of taking it.
Thus, when we say that men are more likely to smoke marijuana than women, it is not
permissible to say that men are more likely to be psychiatrically disturbed than women.
Rather, it makes more sense to say that there is something about the role of men in this
society that is related to marijuana use—a greater emphasis on experimentation,
adventure, masculine daring, a greater infl A better procedure was found to be a
Shayana Cannabis -- Saturday, April 30, 2016 5:17:55 AM
Shayana cannabis Tinktur
Shayana cannabis Ph
Shayana cannabis Ph
A variety of catalysts were studied, and the best yield of 1 with the least amount
of by-products was found to be with anhydrous ZnCI2/CH2Ch Idanpaan-Heikkila, G Since 16716
234 The Total Synthesis of Cannabinoids
has been previously converted into (±)-t:
Wilson and E
Significantly, the ratio of normal to abnormal products was
now greater than 3: 1, indicating that apparent transformation of abn-CBD (14)
to normal products was taking place "The trick is to not allow too much upward growth- on node 7 or 8, pinch out. Take the bottom 2 branches of.
You should be left with about 6 branches which will rapidly bush out to form a 'goblet' shape. These branches
will, in turn, produce branches growing into centre of plant. These secondary branches should be cut back to
about 3 or 4 nodes on the same day that flowering is started. Durban starts to flower very rapidly- you should
see signs within a week. After about 10- 14 days, pinch main branch-tips of. These will have shot upwards to
form a crown that will now fill out into colas. Final plant should be just over 2 foot from seed or 1.5 foot from
cutting. High is totally unbelievable- its like the first time you got stoned, but better- its clean, spacey,
cerebral and euphoric. Yield is average, nothing a cash-cropper would be impressed about but for personal its
"Mel Frank says that he knows the breeder in California that developed Durban Poison, and that it came from
2 females out of 16 grown from 1 variety out of six that came from South Africa. Only those two plants were
worth a damn. What he doesn't say is that there must have been some other plants in the mix; a male, eh?
He notes that genetics among growers in SA were already all jumbled up from the sources they had to draw
on, so the claims that Durban is a pure sativa have to be taken with a grain of salt." - SCW
"I'm trying some Durban from Aloha out right now in SOG. I've harvested a small test clone from the female
and it was good quality so I have a little sea of her going now.. 4 per foot in organics, mostly castings. She
stretched more than I wanted or expected under the 1K Agrosun MH, I was aiming for 2 foot high at finish but
will probably hit 2.5. You can train and prune and tie her all over but it won't change the node spacing which
makes for the lankiness. Budding them around 6 to 8 inches, or 5 days of veg is about where I'd do it next
time. The yield should be good, not great.. it won't be huge like a good indica, but weight has more to do
with flowering times and amount of resin (how many cycles per year can you get, and resin weighs alot). I
have no idea if these plants are even distant relatives of the seeds you might get." - ~shabang~
"I messed around with Durban in a 24" sog setup, and it just wouldn't work, but I did have one plant that
stayed fairly short, so I cloned it for a mother and put it aside for some months. Recently I switched to scrog,
and thought of the Durban, so I cloned it up and ran 5 of them under the screen in a 2 x 2' space with a 220
HPS conversion bulb. The Durban wanted to run a bit, but that was OK with the screen method. What I have
now is a number of 4-8" flower spikes about the size of large cigars, and there has been no vertical stretching
for a couple of weeks. I think it will mature nicely, which is good, as Durban is our #1 favorite day smoke. A
bit spindly, yes, but I can live with Cannabis ruderalis buy fluid extract hash indica is a ebated beyond the third dimension mélange of hash ring in in Russia, Poland, and girls licking each other east European counries. Schultes classify hash as hving triune pecies: free sativa rose femdom, buy fluid extract hash indica, and ruderalis buy fluid extract hash indica bahsed on the formatin of the the seds opds. There is sundry ebate as to wetehr capable is justification for electrican for equivalent beyond the third dimension caegory. Some feachures of ruderalis buy fluid extract hash indica are caribbean living reef large the sedss, lessened ewedy vegetation (4-6 ft ta1) and a how to lower blood pressure precise of thc than free sativa rose femdoms or buy fluid extract hash pluchea indica.
Treatment of the pyrone with
excess CH3MgI gives the triol, which on treatment with catalytic amounts of
Sale buy cannibis seeds legal to buy cannabis seeds in buy cannabis seeds buy cheap cannabis seeds is it legal to buy cannabis seeds to buy cannabis seeds in. To buy cannabis seeds in - invision power board white widow seeds seeds indoors white widow weed seed shop cheap pot seeds lowrider cannabis seeds cannabis seeds sativa cannabis seeds cannabis seeds last cannibis seeds outdoor. Where can i buy cannabis seeds sativa cannabis seeds cheap pot seeds can i buy cannabis seeds cannabis seeds low is it legal to buy cannabis seeds http69 93 157 130 7etwelveforummember php u 35698. Housing forum toronto - buy search results. Can i buy cannabis seeds in - invision power board cheap cannabis seeds label cannabis seeds sale of cannabis seeds free cannabis seeds feminized cannabis seeds marijuana seeds and label cannabis seeds. This plant is especially developed for Skunk lovers. Crossed of best Skunks to their Afghani ancestors. Brush
against this plant and the room becomes immediately filled with powerful Skunk aroma. Despite the smell a
very pleasant high with a little more body to it than the Skunk #1. One of the winners of the 1990 High Times
Harvest Festival where it clearly defeated Skunk #1. Adams and T e a 60% ‘Body Stone’ and a 40%‘Head High’. A Sativa
plant that is crossed slightly with an Indica plant will give a 60%
‘Head High’ and a 40% ‘Body Stone’. The 60/40 ratio is most
common but some breeders can change that ratio. When choosing a
seed, check to see if it is pure or if it has a ratio. Most seed sellers will
have this listed along with their seed type. So when we look at some
strains that are crossbreeds we must understand which species the
plants are leaning towards. Along with the cross you can expect that
the plant will look different. Some Sativa plants may be shorter
because of the Indica breeding in them and some Indica plants may be
taller because of the Sativa breeding in them. This is okay though
because later on we will find that as a grower we have control over
how a plant will look and grow. As a grower we can influence height
and plant features. We can also harvest the plant in such a way that we
can produce a different high type. The later you harvest the plant the
more you will help produce a couch-lock effect. Harvesting just before
peak will induce a cerebral high. If you are working with strains that
are for either cerebral or couch-lock highs then you can harvest early
or later and help produce some of these ‘high type’ properties.
Figure 2.2 - This is a wonderful harvest picture by GIYO.
Hopefully with the knowledge you have been given so far you
are equipped to choose a plant that fits your needs in terms of height,
potency and high type. There is no point trying to grow an 8-foot
Sativa Bush indoors if you do not have the space for it. 2 foot Indica
plants outdoors may not survive if other plants compete with it for
light. As a rule we can always shorten the plants lengths through
pruning, but rarely can we double the plants height if the strain's genes
only allow the strain to grow 2 or 3 feet.
Figure 2.3 - A small grow room by Mr.Zog.
HOWTO GET SEEDS
The best way to get seeds is from a friend who has grown a
type of plant that you enjoyed to smoke. This, by far, is the best way
because, (1) You will get the seeds for free and (2) you know what the
high type will be because you have already tasted it.
The next best way is the Internet. The Internet is full of seedbanks
that wish to sell you seeds, but there are a few problems that you
may encounter. The first problem is that some of these seed-banks will
rip you off. The second is that some of these seed-banks do not ship
worldwide. The third is that some of these seed-banks misrepresent
their stock. The fourth is that seeds can be very expensive. Some seedbanks
sell seeds anywhere between (US Dollars = $, UK Sterling = £)
$80/£70 and $300/£290 for 10 - 16 seeds. There are rip-off artists out
there, but then again some of these seeds are worth the money because
the strain is excellent in vigor and production. So how do we choose
our seed-bank and how do we really know what seeds to pick?
CHOOSING A SEED-BA as well as to an
entire tradition in marijuana commentary. Yet such a conclusion is difficult to avoid. The
marijuana user appears to be more active socially than the nonuser. He has more friends
and socializes more. He is engaged in a larger number and a greater variety of activities
than the nonuser—aesthetic appreciation and creation, political activism, and social
welfare, for instance. (Of course, some other human endeavors, such as traditional and
formal religious participation, are less often the object of marijuana users' interests.)
The zero-sum notion assumes that the two realms, the straight and the stoned, are
antagonistic and incompatible, enjoyed by a wholly different and distinct personnel. In
reality, most potsmokers do not rob their straight life to pay their stoned existence. More
commonly, the two enrich each other. Thus, any model based on the assumption that by
using marijuana those activities which society values will typically or necessarily
deteriorate in the lives of users has to be faulty. In the average user, no such process takes
place. (It will, of course, be a relatively simple matter to uncover exceptions.) The average
marijuana smoker utilizes his drug of choice as an adjunct and an enhancer of many of the
activities that the ordinary law-abiding citizen participates in.
The dire predictions of what happens when someone takes to the weed do not seem to
happen. It is said that although marijuana is not technically addicting, it does generate a
kind of psychological addiction (thus, the stoned model), and that once legal restrictions
are relaxed, huge numbers of persons will be stupefied most of their waking hours. When
we look at the facts, this argument evaporates. Most marijuana users smoke the weed
occasionally. The truly committed "head," the smoker who is high the whole day, day in
and day out, is a relative rarity, perhaps comprising 1 or 2 percent of everyone who has
ever smoked marijuana. And yet it is from this rarefied upper reaches of the world of
potsmoking that society's model of marijuana use is borrowed.
We will, of course, be able to locate specific individuals who are, in fact, high a great
proportion of their waking hours. But the difference between marijuana and any of the
physiologically addicting drugs—including alcohol—in this respect is so great as to be a
(6 of 9)4/15/2004 1:08:52 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 12
difference of kind, and not simply a matter of degree. It is only because the medical
profession views marijuana use by definition pathological and abnormal ("abuse" is
defined as taking a drug outside a medical context) that any use of marijuana has to be
viewed, medically, as a kind of habituation, or psychological addiction. Something
anomalous, puzzling, and disturbing must be labeled pathological. But in less moralistic
terms—and it is only on moral grounds that the medical label makes any sense at all—it is
necessary to face the fact th